All about hair shedding and Guinea pigs
Guinea pig – cute decorative rodent. They are valued for their attractive appearance and low maintenance. But sometimes it happens that their fur ceases to be soft and beautiful, and begins to actively leave their owner. Fur loss in Guinea pigs is a manifestation of their normal physiological or a manifestation of any disease.
In the first case we are talking about normal shedding. Molting in warm-blooded is the process of changing wool or feather cover.
There are three types of shedding:
Juvenile or age – there is a replacement of “children’s” wool “grown”.
Seasonal – occurs in connection with the change of seasons. “Launches” seasonal moult changed the temperature and weather conditions.
Compensation – occurs due to damage of coat any physical stress (trauma, thermal or chemical burn, etc.).
When a Guinea pig does shed, it is the regeneration of the epidermis. The skin thickens, becomes more friable, and therefore more vulnerable. Therefore, your Guinea pig must be maintained in this period.
Juvenile change of coat happens only once in a lifetime. During this period, “baby” Pooh replaced by “adult”, more rough and theloudest. With this wool animal live out their lives.
Seasonal shedding in Guinea pigs is held twice a year – like most other mammals.
In the autumn of Guinea pig shed since September, and this molt it usually doesn’t bother. The spring molt occurs in March, and trouble with her more than with autumn.
This is because in winter, the pig does not get enough green feed (grass, vegetables, fruits), and with it the necessary vitamins and amino acids. To facilitate the molting process, it is necessary to constantly monitor the usefulness of the diet of your animal.
Diseases of Guinea pigs, which is manifested by problems with hair
Sometimes the cause of loss of hair in Guinea pigs can be mixed, ie, for example, can be a parasitic disease is the main, and allergic reactions or contamination with a fungus as a secondary complication.
Differential diagnosis can be only veterinarian in the veterinary clinic, because many diseases require instrumental or laboratory diagnostics.
The signs and symptoms of skin diseases of Guinea pigs that require treatment in a veterinary clinic:
Partial or complete alopecia (alopecia).
The scratching of the skin.
Depression, decreased appetite.
Inflammation on the skin (papules, pustules, abscesses).
A grayish or yellowish scab (crust) in the field of scratching.
Dryness and inelasticity of skin, dandruff.
Parasitic diseases that cause fur loss
To parasitic diseases affecting the skin include those that cause ectoparasites: ticks, fleas, Vlady.
Sarcoptosis. Cause microscopic mites, parasitic on the surface of the skin. The disease appears strongest itching, scratching till it bleeds. In places scratching produces a grayish eschar (crust) and get the wool. Usual scratching on the muzzle, legs. Infection occurs by contact from another diseased animal or through contamination of the environment and animal bedding. Diagnosed by microscopy of scrapings from the affected area of the skin.
The demodicosis. Cause microscopic mites, parasites inside the skin, under the top layer. Is manifested by local inflammation, the coarsening of the skin. First appear of pustules and papules with dark content. Then, in their place, with the development of the disease are formed oozing sores. Pig itches in the affected areas, and the skin there is always deprived of wool. Affects most often the head and paws. Infection occurs by contact. Diagnosed as sarcoptosis. Attention! Demodectic mange can be transmitted to man!
Trixacarus. Cause microscopic mites parasitizing in the thickness of the skin, as with demodicosis. But unlike last trixacarus sick just Guinea pigs. Infection also occurs by contact from infected animals. Manifested by itching dog itching and scratching also formed ulcers, and falls wool. Sometimes there is severe pain at the site of tick parasitism, as a rule, where the female lays eggs. Trixacarus diagnosed as demodectic mange – microscopy of scrapings of the skin.
Vlasiei. These are very small insects, like human lice, only much smaller. Their name speaks for itself – vlasiei. These insects bite like hairs at the root, forming alopecia. Diagnose them with a magnifying glass. They are visible as small white “dots” moving from place to place. These parasites are localized predominantly in the groats and perineum.
To cure any disease you must first identify – to establish the diagnosis. And for this you should visit the veterinary doctor. Be performed the treatment itself is also better under the supervision of a specialist, otherwise you can even more harm your health of the animal. Therefore, if you notice something suspicious or unusual behavior or appearance of your Guinea pigs – don’t delay, and go to the veterinarian.