Infectious diseases in domestic animals
Timely vaccination of Pets helps control the spread of communicable diseases. In recent years their number has decreased dramatically, but they need to be careful and to have information about the basic signs and symptoms. An infectious disease often difficult to distinguish from non-infectious because of the similarity of symptoms, but at the time to identify them – a matter of life and death. The most common infectious disease among animals is a plague, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus enteritis.
The most common infectious disease among dogs is canine distemper. This is a serious illness that is widespread, despite the abundance of drugs developed to combat it.
The plague can get sick from any animal regardless of age, living conditions, gender. The symptomatic manifestations of the disease are very diverse, as it can develop in various tissues and organs. An infected animal carries the virus and spreads it to all secretions. The spread of the virus is through the air, and the infection of the plague – respiratory infection.
The incubation period generally is on average 5 days. Clinical manifestations depend on degree of defeat of organism the virus and what tissues and organs affected.
Damage to the respiratory tract is manifested by the appearance of secretions from the nose, eyes, occurrence of such concomitant diseases, as bronchitis, pharyngitis. Such features usually unnoticed by the pet owner, as they appear to a small degree.
If the disease affects the digestive system, this is manifested in the appearance of diarrhea, which only increases with time. Moreover, the chair in sick animals not just liquid and mucous, with a very sharp, unpleasant odor and even sometimes streaked with blood.
Often sick animals quickly lose their body weight due to dehydration. Feel if the animal can be identified education foreign bubbles in the abdomen and hips, which also may indicate disease. Common symptom of plague is a partial loss of vision and even blindness.
After 1-5 weeks of disease manifestations begin nervous. This is a standard symptoms, however, in some cases, the existence of lesions of the nervous system arise almost immediately after infection. As the disease of the nervous condition of the animal may worsen. Nervous manifestations of plague in dogs: paralysis, convulsions, convulsions, deep depression.
Adenovirus – a disease that has symptoms ordinary acute respiratory disease. Clinical manifestations usually include a cough. This disease is characterized by a rapid current and usually a favourable outcome.
Parainfluenza – a respiratory disease that occurs in dogs. Most often occurs in puppies. Parainfluenza symptoms: cough, mucous nasal discharge, fever, shortness of breath. Clinical manifestations are particularly pronounced on day 5-10 of the disease. Often it is predicted a favorable outcome with proper treatment.
Parvovirus enteritis is an acute disease that occurs in dogs. Accompanied by lesion of the intestine and myocardium. Often the disease progresses without showing symptoms. If the disease occurs clinically pronounced symptoms appear 5-7 days after infection. Most often the disease begins with the gut.
Symptoms: lack of appetite, depression, high fever, persistent vomiting and diarrhea. When the manifestation of such symptoms should be carefully monitored for chair dogs. Faeces can stand out slimy, with an unpleasant pungent smell, often mixed with blood.
If you don’t get the right treatment, the animal may die within 2-3 days after infection due to dehydration because of constant vomiting and diarrhoea.
Infectious hepatitis is a disease which occurs in dogs and is accompanied by the defeat of the cardiovascular system, upper respiratory tract, internal organs, including the liver, kidneys, and nervous system. Most animals are infected by age 2 years, small puppies.
Symptoms clinical manifestations include vomiting, blood present in the lumen of the intestine, in the mouth, fever, and pain in the abdomen. In rare cases the mucous membranes become yellowish, but almost always they become lighter than usual. Other symptoms include manifestations of acute tonsillitis, inflammation of the submandibular lymph nodes. There are also nervous phenomena of different nature.
Infectious hepatitis can occur very quickly with no visible symptoms. In such cases the dog can die in just a few hours, with previous signs of illness will not occur.
Clouding of the cornea on one or both of the parties is also a sign of the disease. Clouding occurs because of the flowing of the inflammatory process. As a rule, after recovery, the clouding goes away.
Leptospirosis – an acute infectious disease that affects not only animals but also humans. Manifestations of the disease: nerve disorder, fever, gastroenteritis, stomatitis, jaundice and even in some cases.
To define one or another infectious disease would only veterinarian on the basis of laboratory data. Successful treatment depends on correct and timely diagnosis and correct treatment. Monitor your dog, while you do all the necessary vaccinations. At the slightest signs of sickness or abnormal behavior, immediately bring the animal to a veterinary clinic.
Rabies is an acute disease characteristic of animals and humans, which occurs due to the penetration into the body of rhabdovirus.
Rabies is a fatal disease. If it is confirmed by clinical trials, likely to cure it no. Throughout the history of the study of the disease is observed only in 6 cases when the person could be cured of rabies.
A person can become infected with rabies after being bitten by an infected animal. Theoretically, one person can infect another, but documentary evidence of such cases was not. The virus contained in the saliva of an animal or human.
Clinical manifestations of rabies: a disorder of the mind, nervous irritation at first, then comes paralysis, hydrophobia, encephalitis. This is followed by certain death.