FMD is an acute viral disease of animals (mainly cattle, goats, sheep and pigs), which also hurts people . characterized by intoxication and vesicular-erosive (bubble-ulcerative) lesions of the mucous membranes of the oral and nasal cavities, and skin of the interdigital folds.
Dogs, cats, horses, chickens, ducks, geese do not get sick but can carry the virus.
The causative agent of FMD is stored in the blood and meat of infected animals, is transmitted from one animal to another by contact, through contaminated feed and manure. The pathogen persists for a long time on the health products and litter. An important source of spread of the virus is animal manure, which in such cases should be burned or subjected to biothermal disinfection.
Prevention of foot and mouth disease based on preventing the flow of FMD virus in Schmallenberg disease management and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The main reasons for the spread of FMD virus are: the virus introduction from dysfunctional disease entities, primarily in connection with illegal importation of animals, animal products Continue reading
If a puppy is fed dry food, learn how. Do not change feed abruptly. The food change can damage the health of the puppy. If you use dry food does not in any way give any extra supplements with your meals. To dry feed since 2 months. you can add finely grated vegetables. Carrot. After 4 month, you can give other vegetables. Preferably, only after years to change the feeding, for example: natural dry food. Or Vice versa. If you decide to change the puppy food. Should gradually move to the others food. + be sure to add lactobifid drugs. His daily portion divide into 10 parts. On the first day. Give 9 parts of feed, which were fed, and 110 the new food. On the second day of 8 parts which were fed, 210 new, then 310, etc. And so for 10 days add a new feed, and the old reduce. On the 10th day give completely new food. Lactobifid drugs within 2 weeks. Also watch out for the chair the puppy if it is watery, the food change or better to stop to pick up food etc. Lactobifid drugs soften the process of adjusting to the new feed, normalize the stool, relieve stress. Also in order to avoid a longer period of adaptations associated with the change of feed, transportation, the transition to a new place, etc. is recommended to give drugs: lactobifid, lactoferin, or bifidum for she or soonor or liquid drops of Elastin. Continue reading
This disease is called “fever dog”, although she was exposed to all mammals, including humans. Although in natural conditions are more often ill with leptospirosis of agricultural animals and rodents, “bad name” dogs was due to its extremely high susceptibility to leptospirosis. Animals of all breeds become infected by bathing and drinking from natural water bodies, so if you take your dog for a picnic on the river, you are at risk.
People may get infected through contact with water in which were bathing the infected animal, as well as with secretions ( saliva, urine) of diseased dogs. But from person to person leptospirosis is not transmitted. The disease seriously, more than half of the cases, patients go to the intensive care unit. Leptospira after aging affect the capillaries, liver, kidney, muscle, and among the possible complications of the lesion of the membranes of the eyes, paralysis, infectious-toxic shock.
The treatment of such diseases is protivoleptospirozny gamma globulin. antibiotics ( penicillin, tetracycline, aminoglycosides). In addition, doctors have to support the liver and help the patient to other drugs, depending on which organs were affected. Continue reading