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Infectious diseases in domestic animals

Timely vaccination of Pets helps control the spread of communicable diseases. In recent years their number has decreased dramatically, but they need to be careful and to have information about the basic signs and symptoms. An infectious disease often difficult to distinguish from non-infectious because of the similarity of symptoms, but at the time to identify them – a matter of life and death. The most common infectious disease among animals is a plague, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus enteritis.

The most common infectious disease among dogs is canine distemper. This is a serious illness that is widespread, despite the abundance of drugs developed to combat it.

The plague can get sick from any animal regardless of age, living conditions, gender. The symptomatic manifestations of the disease are very diverse, as it can develop in various tissues and organs. An infected animal carries the virus and spreads it to all secretions. The spread of the virus is through the air, and the infection of the plague – respiratory infection.

The incubation period generally is on average 5 days. Clinical manifestations depend on degree of defeat of organism Continue reading

What diseases you can catch from Pets

This disease is called “fever dog”, although she was exposed to all mammals, including humans. Although in natural conditions are more often ill with leptospirosis of agricultural animals and rodents, “bad name” dogs was due to its extremely high susceptibility to leptospirosis. Animals of all breeds become infected by bathing and drinking from natural water bodies, so if you take your dog for a picnic on the river, you are at risk.

People may get infected through contact with water in which were bathing the infected animal, as well as with secretions ( saliva, urine) of diseased dogs. But from person to person leptospirosis is not transmitted. The disease seriously, more than half of the cases, patients go to the intensive care unit. Leptospira after aging affect the capillaries, liver, kidney, muscle, and among the possible complications of the lesion of the membranes of the eyes, paralysis, infectious-toxic shock.

The treatment of such diseases is protivoleptospirozny gamma globulin. antibiotics ( penicillin, tetracycline, aminoglycosides). In addition, doctors have to support the liver and help the patient to other drugs, depending on which organs were affected. Continue reading

The sources of natural radionuclides

Radionuclides affect all biological species regardless of their habitat and environment. But if the degree of exposure of wild animals applies to us only in part, the nuclides in the organism of domestic animals have the potential to become “property” of man.

The accumulation of radioactive substances in the body of a pet.

The main way that radioactive substances enter into the body of a pet is contaminated food and water. It is not excluded the penetration of radionuclides through the respiratory system and skin. The rate of accumulation of radioactive substances and their transition into their milk, meat, eggs and derived products depends on several factors:

the type, age and functional status of the animal;

physical and chemical properties of the radionuclide;

the time and intensity of exposure. Continue reading

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