FMD is an acute viral disease of animals (mainly cattle, goats, sheep and pigs), which also hurts people . characterized by intoxication and vesicular-erosive (bubble-ulcerative) lesions of the mucous membranes of the oral and nasal cavities, and skin of the interdigital folds.
Dogs, cats, horses, chickens, ducks, geese do not get sick but can carry the virus.
The causative agent of FMD is stored in the blood and meat of infected animals, is transmitted from one animal to another by contact, through contaminated feed and manure. The pathogen persists for a long time on the health products and litter. An important source of spread of the virus is animal manure, which in such cases should be burned or subjected to biothermal disinfection.
Prevention of foot and mouth disease based on preventing the flow of FMD virus in Schmallenberg disease management and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The main reasons for the spread of FMD virus are: the virus introduction from dysfunctional disease entities, primarily in connection with illegal importation of animals, animal products Continue reading
Timely vaccination of Pets helps control the spread of communicable diseases. In recent years their number has decreased dramatically, but they need to be careful and to have information about the basic signs and symptoms. An infectious disease often difficult to distinguish from non-infectious because of the similarity of symptoms, but at the time to identify them – a matter of life and death. The most common infectious disease among animals is a plague, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus enteritis.
The most common infectious disease among dogs is canine distemper. This is a serious illness that is widespread, despite the abundance of drugs developed to combat it.
The plague can get sick from any animal regardless of age, living conditions, gender. The symptomatic manifestations of the disease are very diverse, as it can develop in various tissues and organs. An infected animal carries the virus and spreads it to all secretions. The spread of the virus is through the air, and the infection of the plague – respiratory infection.
The incubation period generally is on average 5 days. Clinical manifestations depend on degree of defeat of organism Continue reading
This disease is called “fever dog”, although she was exposed to all mammals, including humans. Although in natural conditions are more often ill with leptospirosis of agricultural animals and rodents, “bad name” dogs was due to its extremely high susceptibility to leptospirosis. Animals of all breeds become infected by bathing and drinking from natural water bodies, so if you take your dog for a picnic on the river, you are at risk.
People may get infected through contact with water in which were bathing the infected animal, as well as with secretions ( saliva, urine) of diseased dogs. But from person to person leptospirosis is not transmitted. The disease seriously, more than half of the cases, patients go to the intensive care unit. Leptospira after aging affect the capillaries, liver, kidney, muscle, and among the possible complications of the lesion of the membranes of the eyes, paralysis, infectious-toxic shock.
The treatment of such diseases is protivoleptospirozny gamma globulin. antibiotics ( penicillin, tetracycline, aminoglycosides). In addition, doctors have to support the liver and help the patient to other drugs, depending on which organs were affected. Continue reading