humans

How did dog breeds over the last 100 years

Dogs live side by side with humans for 10 thousand years. And may we can only guess, who were our very first Pets, so one and a half centuries ago, to look we. In a relatively short period of time some of the rocks under the influence of man has changed beyond recognition.

English bulldog

Bulldog became more dense and chunky: chest became wider, legs shorter and thicker, the muzzle more flattened. On the skin appeared folds. Unfortunately, most modern bulldogs health problems, and they live on average just 6 and a quarter years.

Basset hound

Basset hound became much lower: the rear legs are now shorter, while the ears much lengthened. Muzzle and legs, was shorter, and the skin had more wrinkles.

The boxer

Boxers now shorter and turned up snout, slightly changed body proportions. Continue reading

Infectious diseases in domestic animals

Timely vaccination of Pets helps control the spread of communicable diseases. In recent years their number has decreased dramatically, but they need to be careful and to have information about the basic signs and symptoms. An infectious disease often difficult to distinguish from non-infectious because of the similarity of symptoms, but at the time to identify them – a matter of life and death. The most common infectious disease among animals is a plague, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus enteritis.

The most common infectious disease among dogs is canine distemper. This is a serious illness that is widespread, despite the abundance of drugs developed to combat it.

The plague can get sick from any animal regardless of age, living conditions, gender. The symptomatic manifestations of the disease are very diverse, as it can develop in various tissues and organs. An infected animal carries the virus and spreads it to all secretions. The spread of the virus is through the air, and the infection of the plague – respiratory infection.

The incubation period generally is on average 5 days. Clinical manifestations depend on degree of defeat of organism Continue reading

What diseases you can catch from Pets

This disease is called “fever dog”, although she was exposed to all mammals, including humans. Although in natural conditions are more often ill with leptospirosis of agricultural animals and rodents, “bad name” dogs was due to its extremely high susceptibility to leptospirosis. Animals of all breeds become infected by bathing and drinking from natural water bodies, so if you take your dog for a picnic on the river, you are at risk.

People may get infected through contact with water in which were bathing the infected animal, as well as with secretions ( saliva, urine) of diseased dogs. But from person to person leptospirosis is not transmitted. The disease seriously, more than half of the cases, patients go to the intensive care unit. Leptospira after aging affect the capillaries, liver, kidney, muscle, and among the possible complications of the lesion of the membranes of the eyes, paralysis, infectious-toxic shock.

The treatment of such diseases is protivoleptospirozny gamma globulin. antibiotics ( penicillin, tetracycline, aminoglycosides). In addition, doctors have to support the liver and help the patient to other drugs, depending on which organs were affected. Continue reading

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