FMD is an acute viral disease of animals (mainly cattle, goats, sheep and pigs), which also hurts people . characterized by intoxication and vesicular-erosive (bubble-ulcerative) lesions of the mucous membranes of the oral and nasal cavities, and skin of the interdigital folds.
Dogs, cats, horses, chickens, ducks, geese do not get sick but can carry the virus.
The causative agent of FMD is stored in the blood and meat of infected animals, is transmitted from one animal to another by contact, through contaminated feed and manure. The pathogen persists for a long time on the health products and litter. An important source of spread of the virus is animal manure, which in such cases should be burned or subjected to biothermal disinfection.
Prevention of foot and mouth disease based on preventing the flow of FMD virus in Schmallenberg disease management and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The main reasons for the spread of FMD virus are: the virus introduction from dysfunctional disease entities, primarily in connection with illegal importation of animals, animal products Continue reading
This disease is called “fever dog”, although she was exposed to all mammals, including humans. Although in natural conditions are more often ill with leptospirosis of agricultural animals and rodents, “bad name” dogs was due to its extremely high susceptibility to leptospirosis. Animals of all breeds become infected by bathing and drinking from natural water bodies, so if you take your dog for a picnic on the river, you are at risk.
People may get infected through contact with water in which were bathing the infected animal, as well as with secretions ( saliva, urine) of diseased dogs. But from person to person leptospirosis is not transmitted. The disease seriously, more than half of the cases, patients go to the intensive care unit. Leptospira after aging affect the capillaries, liver, kidney, muscle, and among the possible complications of the lesion of the membranes of the eyes, paralysis, infectious-toxic shock.
The treatment of such diseases is protivoleptospirozny gamma globulin. antibiotics ( penicillin, tetracycline, aminoglycosides). In addition, doctors have to support the liver and help the patient to other drugs, depending on which organs were affected. Continue reading
According to the BBC, Pets can improve the health of children. Studies confirm that children who have Pets have higher immunity.
Researchers at the University of Warwick (Coventry) found that the presence of dogs or cats were subjected in early life children, a large number of infections. However, this in turn has raised these kids have immunity, and they are less likely to miss school due to illness than children without Pets.
Dr. Mcnicholas and colleagues tested the 138 children saliva for the presence of immunoglobulin (IgA) – antibodies, which tests the strength of the immune system. Low indicates that the person is prone to diseases, high – the immune system normally works. The study showed that children with a pet . the level of antibodies was significantly more resistant than children without animals. Thus, the first attended school in year, on average, for 9 days more. Confirmed “dirty hypothesis”: the environment in which the child grows early in life, more “sterile”, the worse it is reflected later on his immune system. Continue reading