FMD is an acute viral disease of animals (mainly cattle, goats, sheep and pigs), which also hurts people . characterized by intoxication and vesicular-erosive (bubble-ulcerative) lesions of the mucous membranes of the oral and nasal cavities, and skin of the interdigital folds.
Dogs, cats, horses, chickens, ducks, geese do not get sick but can carry the virus.
The causative agent of FMD is stored in the blood and meat of infected animals, is transmitted from one animal to another by contact, through contaminated feed and manure. The pathogen persists for a long time on the health products and litter. An important source of spread of the virus is animal manure, which in such cases should be burned or subjected to biothermal disinfection.
Prevention of foot and mouth disease based on preventing the flow of FMD virus in Schmallenberg disease management and the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The main reasons for the spread of FMD virus are: the virus introduction from dysfunctional disease entities, primarily in connection with illegal importation of animals, animal products Continue reading
This disease is called “fever dog”, although she was exposed to all mammals, including humans. Although in natural conditions are more often ill with leptospirosis of agricultural animals and rodents, “bad name” dogs was due to its extremely high susceptibility to leptospirosis. Animals of all breeds become infected by bathing and drinking from natural water bodies, so if you take your dog for a picnic on the river, you are at risk.
People may get infected through contact with water in which were bathing the infected animal, as well as with secretions ( saliva, urine) of diseased dogs. But from person to person leptospirosis is not transmitted. The disease seriously, more than half of the cases, patients go to the intensive care unit. Leptospira after aging affect the capillaries, liver, kidney, muscle, and among the possible complications of the lesion of the membranes of the eyes, paralysis, infectious-toxic shock.
The treatment of such diseases is protivoleptospirozny gamma globulin. antibiotics ( penicillin, tetracycline, aminoglycosides). In addition, doctors have to support the liver and help the patient to other drugs, depending on which organs were affected. Continue reading
Professional handlers, as well as all those who are simply well versed in dogs, know that there are dogs and “dogs”. To include the last dogs of decorative breeds — miniature fragile creatures, cared for cannot be done as the care of these dogs. “Dogs” is a dwarf dog-companions, among which include the Pomeranian and the Chihuahua, Japanese chin and Russian toy Terrier. The upbringing of these puppies and other breeds of small dogs, slightly different from the upbringing of their more voluminous counterparts. Quite often one can hear the assertion that caring for a dog is very difficult, for such a tiny pet in your life waiting for a lot more danger than the dog is normal size. The truth of that assertion? Yes and no. One should not say that care for decorative dog harder than caring for a dog of larger size. It is no more difficult in some ways even easier. But it was definitely different. This site is a collection of articles that can be useful to all owners-newcomers decorative dogs. the website is only informational assistance to novice breeders who decided to get a dog miniature breed. website nobody is selling. So do not ask how, Continue reading