The ranking of the most intelligent animals of our planet
Often people underestimate the intellectual ability of our smaller brethren. However, various experiments and tests have proved that animals can surprise us, and how!
We offer to your attention the top ten most intelligent animals:
It’s no secret that the rat often settles next to the man, and decorative appearance of rats is a fairly common view of pet. Decorative rat different from its wild relative: very smart and funny, and was not averse to play.
In different experiments revealed that one of the most amazing abilities of rats – is the ability to accurately and quickly find the shortest path to the goal.
And according to recent studies, the brown rat in the course of their intellectual abilities that were previously considered the prerogative of man. It is not surprising that the rat was one of the deeply revered animals in Ancient China.
One of the most intelligent and still not fully studied animal is an octopus.
Due to its weapons – with ink bag in his body, ecotrophology clam is an excellent hunter. But if an octopus any threatened, he shoots these ink at the enemy.
However, this is not the only thing that saves him in emergency situations: octopus is able to produce fluid that blocks smell the enemy.
Moreover, he has excellent short-term memory and besides it, if necessary, changes its color.
It is believed that the pigeons were domesticated 3,000 years BC Sometimes these birds called “flying rats” due to the fact that they are carriers of many diseases. Yet pigeon – very clever bird.
Studies show that dove is able to use your previous experience and quick to learn. Pigeons can learn about 100 pictures after a few years of training, they can recognize themselves in a mirror, can learn certain movements, and also to see a minor difference between the two at first sight the same objects.
Thanks to his abilities protein is easy to tame. Good memory, speed, agility, and quickness are just a few skills cute forest animal. Agree, even the fact that proteins make stocks for the winter, speaks for itself.
Also, if stored squirrel thief threatens provisions, the protein’s moving everything stocked. Often protein lives next to the man and she is looking for food near human habitation.
Tamed squirrel finds the host and responds to the name. All this testifies to the squirrel’s ingenuity and ability to learn.
It is proved that the pig compared with other animals has a fairly high level of intelligence. Her intellectual abilities equivalent to the abilities of a three year old child.
Scientists from the University of Pennsylvania tried to teach a pig to play computer games, to confirm the presence of her ability to solve problems. Upon expiration of the period of the experiment, the researchers concluded that pigs have mastered the fundamental aspects of games as fast as chimpanzees!
These animals have a good enough long-term memory and their great sense of smell helped them become better looking truffles. Pigs can easily adapt to the surrounding conditions, otherwise they would not have survived.
And the fact that the pig can be easily trained – making them one of the most beloved Pets.
In certain scientific circles it is considered that crows smarter primates. And this is confirmed by numerous tests and experiments. But the most striking ability of crows is the ingenuity displayed in the production of food.
For example, this bird can make a hook out of a cord to catch worms from a plastic box. And to open nuts, crow throws them on the roadway under the wheels of cars at a pedestrian crossing, and not to be knocked crow awaits green light.
Language crows complicated: they use several “dialects” in communion with each other.
Moreover, the crow is able to play games and perform various stunts.
The first elephants appeared in Africa about 23 million years ago. Because at that time the dominant herbivores were horses, then for many centuries of struggle for food with horses, elephants evolved in a huge herbivore.
It’s no secret that elephants are able to use various improvised tools to achieve their goals in the wild. In captivity, they quickly teachable.
The elephant brain has more cells per square centimeter than any other animal. This structure of the brain allows them to learn faster and to memorize.
Elephant – animal curious and cleanly: before eat something, he certainly will wash or cleanse from dirt food.
Orangutans live in groups with a sufficiently strong social bonds. Mother orangutans raise their young for years, teaching them survival skills.
In the wild they, as well as elephants, use assistive tools to achieve their goals.
In captivity, they learn fast. For example how to open a tin of fruit.
Experiments have shown that they can use signs with the words to make sentences and thereby to communicate with people.
Dolphins – one of the most beloved person mammals. In the ranking of the most intelligent creatures on earth, they are inferior only to humans and chimpanzees, leaving behind all the others.
Dolphins demonstrate skills that were previously attributed exclusively to humans. Recent studies have shown that brain size dolphins 4-5 times greater in relation to their body, compared to other animals.
Of course, brain size dubious argument in favor of ruthless intellectual abilities, but there are some facts that put these mammals into second place in the ranking.
First, various characteristics of the neocortex (cerebral cortex) — responsible for emotional data processing, typical for dolphins.
Secondly, the observation of their behavior and reactions similar to human: the recognition of his reflection in the mirror, the development of specific actions, communication based on movements and understanding abstract concepts.
But, unfortunately, this means that dolphins in the water parks — victims of serious psychological disorders.
Well, the first place belongs to the animals most similar to humans, both physically and intellectually.
Chimpanzees can do support tools and use them in food. They can develop a strategy of hunting and to cooperate with other relatives. They are able to learn sign language and communicate with people.
But perhaps the most striking ability chimpanzees – is the ability to Express their thoughts and ideas using different items and characters. Scientists believe that their intellectual capacity has evolved, thanks to their well-established groups with strict rules