What diseases you can catch from Pets
This disease is called “fever dog”, although she was exposed to all mammals, including humans. Although in natural conditions are more often ill with leptospirosis of agricultural animals and rodents, “bad name” dogs was due to its extremely high susceptibility to leptospirosis. Animals of all breeds become infected by bathing and drinking from natural water bodies, so if you take your dog for a picnic on the river, you are at risk.
People may get infected through contact with water in which were bathing the infected animal, as well as with secretions ( saliva, urine) of diseased dogs. But from person to person leptospirosis is not transmitted. The disease seriously, more than half of the cases, patients go to the intensive care unit. Leptospira after aging affect the capillaries, liver, kidney, muscle, and among the possible complications of the lesion of the membranes of the eyes, paralysis, infectious-toxic shock.
The treatment of such diseases is protivoleptospirozny gamma globulin. antibiotics ( penicillin, tetracycline, aminoglycosides). In addition, doctors have to support the liver and help the patient to other drugs, depending on which organs were affected.
In the kennels all the dogs take the serum for leptospirosis and 30 days held in quarantine. If the animal is declared healthy, were vaccinated. Leptospira is resistant to low temperatures, but die quickly when vyshivaniya the disinfectants.
But the best prevention is, of course, do not allow dogs to swim in the waters and to pick up food from the ground. Owners can, of course, also be vaccinated against leptospirosis, but the vaccine usually put only the employees of agricultural enterprises that are at risk
With Pets, it helps to follow the General rules of hygiene, to minimize the probability of infection to a minimum.
Fatal to humans an infectious disease . to infect you which can favorite dog and even cat. Where they will take it? There are a lot of options. The cat enough to eat or at least bite an infected rodent. The dog – fight with a stray flock, in which there are patients or animals suffering from bite rabies animal on the hunt, if you take a dog into the woods.
Starting to notice the rabies in your pet is not difficult. The dog becomes hyperactive and irritable, refuses to eat, cannot swallow water. The animal salivate profusely, Lai becomes hoarse and goes into a howl. In addition, the disease may be in the form of quiet, then the animal hides in the corner and refuses to come out.
Man the rabies virus is transmitted by the bite of saliva of an infected animal and causes inflammation of the brain with severe irreversible disabilities. The incubation period ranges from 10 days to 3-4 months – at this time the virus spreading along nerve paths, reaches salivary glands and nerve cells cerebral cortex.
So you might not remember, when you are bitten by a sick animal, noticing early symptoms – rabies and spasms of the pharyngeal muscles.
If rabies has manifested itself, you can safely buy the cemetery plot – this disease is not curable, and the only thing that can help doctors to alleviate suffering and connect to the ventilator.
There are several cases of recovery from rabies by injecting the patient in an artificial coma, however, in the first place. it is very expensive, and, secondly. the chances of survival still remain scanty – from 37 patients, in whom the history of modern medicine has tested this technology, 32 nevertheless died.
To prevent infection from bitten humans, but medical help should apply as soon as possible: the earlier the first dose of the vaccine, the less the likelihood that the bitten still get sick. Domestic dogs and cats it is better to do preventive inoculations and to repeat the procedure annually.
This infectious disease is popularly called “parrot disease” and often affects the owners of domestic birds. Psittacosis – a type of chlamydia, that’s just not it affects the genital tract, and the lungs and Central nervous system, and, in addition, may lead to enlargement of the liver and spleen.
The causative agent in the environment lasts up to 2-3 weeks, so even if the bird left the house, the danger of infection remains. Most often carriers of infection become wavy budgerigars, Canaries and pigeons.
Catching psittacosis easier than ever – just breathe dust containing chlamydia – microscopic particles of dried dung, Pooh, etc. the Infection enters the body through the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, microorganisms and then “bite” into the bronchi and then into the blood, causing toxicity and damage to internal organs.
The disease is quite dangerous, because among the possible complications — inflammation of the heart muscle, formation of blood clots in the veins, purulent otitis and other troubles. Psittacosis is treated with antibiotics of the tetracycline group, and for the relief of respiratory tract prescribe bronchodilators, inhalation of oxygen and vitamins.
Vaccine against psittacosis, unfortunately, does not exist, so the best prevention is to avoid contact with any home and city bird. When importing animals into the country, they should be quarantined to eliminate the possibility of this disease, so buy parrots only proven pet stores, but in any case not with the hands. If your bird is healthy, do not let her outside and don’t bring her anything from there.
Catching the disease not only from domestic birds but also in meat, eggs, and even from another person. But if you have a home a new bird – you are at risk. On average in the Russian Federation annually about 50 000 ( !) cases of salmonellosis in humans, so don’t think that the chances are slim.
Most carriers of latent infection are already adults, but in young birds the disease occurs in an acute form. Due to the fact that the disease can “smolder” in the body long enough, the fact that the bird lives at home for many years, does not guarantee that tomorrow it will not happen aggravation due to defective nursing, damp and poor ventilation. And Salmonella can be contained in low-quality forage.
Parakeet from this disease die in just a few days due to profuse diarrhea and dehydration. But people will have to suffer, but he almost certainly will survive.
Treatment starts with gastric lavage and bowel, and then the patient is put on a strict diet, give him antibiotics and antispasmodics. Importantly – no milk, coarse food, and, of course, alcohol.
Human infection occurs through contact with moist droppings. So if you will always clean the cage only in rubber gloves and mask, likely to get sick not so much.
The bird from salmonellosis can be vaccinated, however, most often do on the farms and not at home. And, of course, the feed should be bought only in safe places, and the bird be kept in spacious, ventilated and clean the cage.